Sexual Misconduct Policy
CAMPUS SEXUAL MISCONDUCT POLICY
River Parishes Community College (referred to as RPCC hereafter) is committed to providing a learning and working environment free of sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct. RPCC prohibits sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct, as provided in Title IX and other applicable laws, for all individuals who participate in institutional activities and programs, including online instruction.
Sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct violates an individual’s fundamental rights and personal dignity and RPCC considers sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct in any form to be a serious offense. This policy has been developed to reaffirm these principles and to provide recourse for individuals whose rights have been violated. This policy establishes the mechanism for determining when rights have been violated in employment, student life, campus support services, and/or an academic environment.
RPCC also supports an individual’s right to freedom of speech as guaranteed by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. The intent of this policy is to protect all members affiliated with RPCC, not to regulate protected speech.
Scope of the Policy
This policy applies to all RPCC students, staff, and faculty, without regard to sexual orientation, gender identity and/or gender expression.
This policy shall apply to conduct that occurs on a RPCC campus, at RPCC sponsored activities, and/or when the student or employee is representing RPCC. RPCC shall have discretion to extend jurisdiction over conduct that occurs off campus when the conduct adversely and significantly affects the learning environment or RPCC community and would be a violation of this policy and/or any applicable campus policy or code of conduct, if the conduct had occurred on campus. In determining whether or not to extend jurisdiction, RPCC may consider, among other factors, its ability to gather information and effect a resolution. RPCC may extend jurisdiction (over off-campus conduct) if the alleged conduct by the student or employee:
- Involved violence or produced reasonable fear of physical harm; and/or
- Involved any other members of the RPCC community or any academic work, records, documents, or property of RPCC
Complaint Submission and Processing
A. [OPTIONAL: The institution may provide an online reporting system to collect anonymous disclosures of crimes and track patterns of crimes on campus. An individual may submit a confidential report about a specific crime to the institution using the online reporting system. If an online reporting system is used, it should include information regarding how to report a crime to a responsible employee and/or law enforcement as well as how to contact a confidential advisor.]
B. Initial Review
The Campus Title IX Coordinator shall conduct or supervise the initial review of the complaint, with such assistance, as needed and/or appropriate under the circumstances, from other campus administrators with responsibilities relevant to the nature of the complaint. A complaining or responding student or employee has the right to a confidential advisor at any stage of this process. The initial review of the complaint shall be concluded as quickly as possible, within a reasonable amount of time in a manner that is adequate, reliable, and impartial.
To ensure a prompt and thorough initial review, the complainant should provide as much of the following information as possible. A complaint may be submitted anonymously or by an individual who is not a party to the alleged violation. This may, but is not required to be, provided in writing, and may include:
- The name, organization, department, and position of the person or persons allegedly violating this Policy;
- A description of the incident(s), including the date(s), location(s), and the presence of any witness(es);
- If the complainant is an employee, the alleged effect of the incident(s) on the complainant’s position, salary, benefits, promotional opportunities, or other terms of conditions of employment;
- The name(s) of other student(s) or employee(s) who might have been subject to the same or similar conduct; and/or
- Any other information the complainant believes to be relevant to the alleged sexual misconduct, discrimination, harassment, or retaliation
C. Resolution Procedures
RPCC has both an informal and formal resolution procedure for alleged violations of this Policy. Both procedures will be implemented by individuals who have received training on issues related to sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct and will utilize a preponderance of the evidence standard, throughout the process, with respect to determinations as to whether or not there has been a violation of this Policy. In both procedures, information obtained regarding the complaint will be treated as privately as possible, with only those with a need to know being informed of the complaint. The complainant and the responding student or employee has the right to one confidential advisor at any stage of the informal resolution process or formal resolution process.
As set forth below, an informal resolution procedure is available under certain circumstances. If after the initial review the Campus Title IX Coordinator finds that reasonable cause exists to believe that this Policy has been violated, the Campus Title IX Coordinator or designee will determine whether the informal resolution procedure is appropriate. If it is not appropriate, a full investigation is required (formal resolution process).
If the Campus Title IX Coordinator or designee determines that the informal resolution process is appropriate, the complainant and responding person shall be advised of the informal resolution procedure. If both consent in writing, the informal resolution procedure will be followed, without further investigation, unless the informal resolution is unsuccessful.
(1) Informal Resolution
The use of the informal resolution procedures is optional and must be agreed upon by all parties involved. Informal procedures are not appropriate for, or applied in, cases involving violence or non-consensual sexual intercourse. An attempt to informally resolve the complaint shall be made or supervised by the Campus Title IX Coordinator and should be concluded within sixty (60) calendar days of the decision to pursue informal resolution. Such informal resolution can include meeting with each party to the complaint; review of any initial findings; recommending reassignment, separation or monitoring of the parties; a mediated or facilitated meeting with the parties (however, no complainant shall ever be required to meet with the responding person in an informal resolution); and any other actions deemed appropriate by the parties and RPCC. Once the informal resolution procedure is complete, written notification of the proposed resolution shall be given to all parties. Any party dissatisfied with the outcome of the informal resolution procedure has the right to make a written request, within fifteen (15) calendar days of written notification of the proposed resolution, to the Campus IX Coordinator, that the formal resolution procedure, set forth below, be pursued.
(2) Formal Resolution
The formal resolution procedure will be followed: if the Campus Title IX Coordinator deems the informal procedure inappropriate for the alleged offense; if any persons involved in the complaint do not wish to engage in the informal procedure; if an attempt to utilize the informal procedure has been unsuccessful; or, if any party is unsatisfied with the outcome of the informal resolution process. In such cases, at the recommendation of the Campus Title IX Coordinator and after an initial review, a trained investigator or the Campus Title IX Coordinator will conduct a full investigation into the facts and circumstances of the complaint. If a trained investigator is used to conduct the full investigation, the investigator shall be authorized and assigned as investigator by the Campus Title IX Coordinator. Investigators may include, but not be limited to, employees from human resources, student services, or student life. The investigation may include in-person interviews with all parties involved and interviews of any direct witnesses. The investigator may also collect and review any documents or other relevant information to include but not limited to photographs, video recordings, or other social media. All parties to the complaint will:
- Be provided written notice regarding the details of the alleged violation of this Policy prior to the initiation of the full investigation
- Have an opportunity to identify pertinent evidence to be considered by the investigator
- Have an opportunity to identify witnesses to be interviewed
The investigator will present a written investigative summary, based on a preponderance of the evidence standard, and will submit the summary to the Campus Title IX Coordinator, who will notify the appropriate Campus offices. The complainant and the individual who is the subject of the complaint will be notified in writing of the results of the investigation. Information obtained regarding the complaint will be treated as confidentially as possible (as set forth herein) with only those with a legitimate educational interest being informed of the complaint and the outcome of the investigation.
The transcript of a student who has been accused of a sexually-oriented criminal offense and withdraws pending disciplinary action shall be withheld until investigation and adjudication of the matter by the institution is completed.
Complainants and responding students or employees have the right to one confidential advisor at any stage of the informal resolution or formal resolution process. RPCC will designate [X number, as determined by the Board of Regents criteria] individuals to serve as confidential advisors and will make the names and contact information for these individuals available on the RPCC website.
Individuals designated as confidential advisors shall complete online training developed by the Louisiana Attorney General in collaboration with the Board of Regents by the 2015-2016 academic year.
The confidential advisor shall, to the extent authorized under law, provide confidential services to students and/or employees involved in a complaint. The confidential advisor may, when directed to do so by the complainant or respondent:
- Serve as a liaison between a complainant or respondent and the institution or local law enforcement
- Accompany the complainant or respondent to interviews and other proceedings of a campus investigation and institutional disciplinary proceedings
- Advise the complainant or respondent of, and provide written information regarding, both the complainant’s or respondent’s rights and the institution’s responsibilities regarding orders of protection, no-contact orders, restraining orders, or similar lawful orders issued by a course of competent jurisdiction or by the institution.
The confidential advisor must be authorized by the institution to liase with appropriate staff at the institution to arrange reasonable accommodations. Any requests for accommodations shall not trigger an investigation by the institution.
The confidential advisor shall not be obligated to report crimes to the institution or law enforcement in a way that identifies an alleged victim or an accused individual, unless otherwise required to do so by law.
RPCC will take appropriate action against any person found to be in violation of this Policy (Note: violations of this Policy may subject an individual to civil or criminal liability under state or federal law).
When an employee is deemed to have violated this Policy, the Campus Title IX Coordinator and Human Resource Management will jointly determine the appropriate disciplinary action, or recommendation for disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, in accordance with applicable laws, rules, and/or RPCC or LCTCS policies.
For violations involving students, except when acting in the capacity of an employee, the [Dean of Students/Vice Chancellor of Student Services and Enrollment Services] will determine the appropriate action, pursuant to any applicable code of student conduct and/or policy/policies governing student conduct. Sanctions may include, but are not limited to, deferred suspension, suspension, expulsion, class only restriction and separation of employment (student).
Records will be kept in accordance with Louisiana law and federal law. For students, records will be kept for 7 (seven) years, except in cases of suspension and expulsion, in which case the records shall be permanent. Employment actions will be filed in the employee’s respective Employee Relations file and will be kept on file permanently.
Retaliation against a person who has been subjected to sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct, or is assisting in the investigation of such a complaint, who in good faith brings a complaint of sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct, is prohibited and shall be a violation of this Policy and shall constitute misconduct subject to disciplinary action or other action, as described above. Any employee or student bringing a sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct complaint or assisting in the investigation of such a complaint will not be adversely affected in terms and conditions of employment and/or academic standing, nor discriminated against, terminated, or expelled because of the complaint.
Cooperation with Law Enforcement
RPCC will comply with law enforcement requests for cooperation and such cooperation may require RPCC to temporarily suspend the fact-finding aspect of a Title IX investigation while the law enforcement agency is in the process of gathering evidence. RPCC will implement appropriate interim steps/remedies during any law enforcement agency’s investigation to provide for the safety of all parties to the complaint and the campus community. RPCC will promptly resume its Title IX investigation as soon as notified by law enforcement that it has completed the evidence gathering process. RPCC will make diligent effort to enter into Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with law enforcement and criminal justice agencies in Ascension Parish. Such MOUs will be updated every two years and may include:
- Delineation and sharing protocols of investigative responsibilities
- Protocols for investigations, including standards for notification and communication and measures to promote evidence preservation
- Agreed-upon training and requirements on issues related to sexually-oriented criminal offenses for the purpose of sharing information and coordinating training to the extent possible
- A method of sharing general information about sexually-oriented criminal offenses occurring within the jurisdiction of the parties to the MOU in order to improve campus safety
- Assurances that local peace officers in addition to each full-time college or university police officer complete a sexual assault program required by state law La. R.S. 17:1805(H); 40:2405.8(A); (C)(1)
Reporting of Campus Crime Statistics
The Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics (Clery Act) is a federal law which requires colleges that participate in federal financial aid programs to keep and disclose information about crime on, and near their respective campuses. RPCC will adhere to all requirements of the Clery Act and Section 304 of the Violence against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA), which extends the Clery Act to include dating violence, domestic violence and stalking.
RPCC will designate and publish the names and contact information for the Title IX Coordinator as well as easily accessible RPCC employees as Responsible Employees. Such persons will have the authority to take action to redress sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct and will have been given the duty of reporting incidents of such offenses to the Title IX Coordinator. Employees who are authorized or required by law to keep information confidential by virtue of the employee’s professional role such as Counseling Staff or similar shall not be designated as mandated reporters of sexual harassment or as Responsible Employees.
Prevention and Awareness Programming
RPCC will annually offer education and prevention programs that include, but are not limited to:
- Awareness programs which consist of community-wide or audience-specific programming, initiatives, and strategies that increase audience knowledge and share information and resources to prevent violence, promote safety, and reduce sexual misconduct.
- Bystander intervention programs which consist of safe and positive options that may be carried out by an individual or individuals to prevent harm or intervene when there is a risk of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking. It also includes recognizing situations of potential harm, understanding institutional structures and cultural conditions that facilitate violence, overcoming barriers to intervening, identifying safe and effective intervention options, and taking action to intervene.
- Ongoing prevention and awareness campaigns which consist of programming, initiatives, and strategies that are sustained over time and focus on increasing understanding of topics relevant to, and skills for addressing, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, using a range of strategies with audiences throughout the institution.
- Prevention programs which consist of initiatives and strategies informed by research or assessed for value, effectiveness, or outcomes that are intended to stop dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking before they occur through the promotion of positive and healthy behaviors that foster healthy, mutually respectful relationships and sexuality, encourage safe bystander intervention, and seek to change behavior and social norms in healthy and safe directions.
- Risk reduction programming which consists of options designed to decrease perpetration and bystander inaction and to increase empowerment for victims to promote safety and to help individuals and communities address conditions that facilitate violence. Additional options may include designation and publication of “red zones” (i.e., times and places of high incidence of crimes, including sexual violence).
RPCC will document all training programs.
Campus Climate Surveys
To adequately assess perceptions and behaviors of sexual misconduct on the RPCC campus, RPCC will administer the statewide campus climate survey annually, as developed by the Board of Regents, and will submit the results to the Louisiana Community & Technical College System Board by June 1 of each year, and to the Board of Regents by June 15 of each year. The survey will be voluntary, and students will be given the ability to decline to participate.
Institutional Task Force
RPCC will establish a task force to address sexual discrimination and sexual misconduct. All student stakeholder groups will be invited to be represented on the task force through the student body government.
Each individual at RPCC who is involved in implementing the college’s student grievance procedures, including each individual who is responsible for resolving complaints of reported sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct, and each employee who has responsibility for conducting an interview with an alleged victim of a sexually-oriented criminal offense must receive annual training developed by the Board of Regents/Attorney General, beginning with the 2016-2017 academic year.
Any student who reports, in good faith, sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct shall not be sanctioned by RPCC for a nonviolent student code of conduct violation, such as underage drinking, that is revealed in the course of such a report.
Provisions for Support Services
RPCC will, upon receipt of a report of sexual discrimination or sexual misconduct, immediately provide to complainants and respondents the following: on- and off-campus resources, including but not limited to local advocacy, counseling, health and mental health services, as applicable. These support services will be offered regardless of whether the complainant chooses to formally report the incident. RPCC will develop and distribute contact information for this purpose as well as provide such information online. [Institutions that do not have health clinics and resources available on campus shall distribute information for local health clinics and organizations.
To the extent other Louisiana Community and Technical College System or River Parishes Community College policies may conflict with this policy, the provisions of this policy shall supersede and govern.
Sexual misconduct is a sexual act or contact of a sexual nature that occurs, regardless of personal relationship, without the consent of the other person(s), or that occurs when the person(s) is unable to give consent or whose consent is coerced or obtained in a fraudulent manner. For the purpose of this Policy, sexual misconduct includes, but is not limited to, sexual assault, sexual abuse, violence of a sexual nature, sexual harassment, non-consensual sexual intercourse, sexual exploitation, video voyeurism, contact of a sexual nature with an object, or the obtaining, posting or disclosure of intimate descriptions, photos, or videos without the express consent of the persons depicted therein, as well as dating violence, domestic violence and stalking.
Public universities and colleges in the State of Louisiana shall use the federal and state definitions of the following terms when making all decisions regarding sexual misconduct including publication of definitions, disciplinary decisions, Clery reporting decisions, campus climate decisions, and training and prevention decisions. If there are any changes to state and federal law, definitions must be amended to reflect any changes to federal and state laws and regulations.
a. Sexual Assault as defined by the Clery Act: an offense that meets the definition of rape, fondling, incest, or statutory rape as used in the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reporting program.
b. Sexual Assault as defined by Louisiana State Law:
- Non-Consensual Sexual Intercourse: Having or attempting to have sexual intercourse, cunnilingus, or fellatio without Consent. Sexual intercourse is defined as anal or vaginal penetration by a penis, tongue, finger, or inanimate object.
- Non-Consensual Sexual Contact: Any intentional sexual touching, or attempted sexual touching, without Consent.
c. Sexual Exploitation: An act attempted or committed by a person for sexual gratification, financial gain, or other advancement through the abuse or exploitation of another person’s sexuality. Examples of sexual exploitation include, but are not limited to, non-consensual observation of individuals who are undressed or engaging in sexual acts, non-consensual audio or videotaping of sexual activity, prostituting another person, allowing others to observe a personal consensual sexual act without the knowledge or consent of all involved parties, and knowingly exposing an individual to a sexually transmitted infection without that individual’s knowledge.
d. Stalking as defined by Clery Act: Intentional and repeated following OR harassing that would cause a reasonable person to feel alarmed OR that would cause a reasonable person to suffer emotional distress OR Intentional and repeated uninvited presence at another person’s: home, work place, school, or any other place which would cause a reasonable person to be alarmed OR would cause a reasonable person to suffer emotional distress as a result of verbal or behaviorally implied threats of death, bodily injury, sexual assault, kidnapping or any other statutory criminal act to the victim OR any member of the victim’s family OR any person with whom the victim is acquainted 34 CFR 668.46(a)(ii)
Stalking as defined by Louisiana state law: Stalking is the intentional and repeated following or harassing of another person that would cause a reasonable person to feel alarmed or to suffer emotional distress. Stalking shall include but not be limited to the intentional and repeated uninvited presence of the perpetrator at another person’s home, workplace, school, or any place which would cause a reasonable person to be alarmed, or to suffer emotional distress as a result of verbal or behaviorally implied threats of death, bodily injury, sexual assault, kidnaping, or any other statutory criminal act to himself or any member of his family or any person with whom he is acquainted. La. RS § 14:40.2(A) “Harassing” means the repeated pattern of verbal communications or nonverbal behavior without invitation which includes but is not limited to making telephone calls, transmitting electronic mail, sending messages via a third party, or sending letters or pictures. “Pattern of conduct” means a series of acts over a period of time, however short, evidencing an intent to inflict a continuity of emotional distress upon the person. Constitutionally protected activity is not included within the meaning of pattern of conduct. La. RS § 14:40.2(C)
e. Domestic Violence definition in Clery Act: Violence, including but not limited to sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse, committed by a current or former spouse or intimate partner or any other person from whom the Alleged Victim is protected under federal or Louisiana law. Felony or misdemeanor crime of violence committed:
- By a current or former spouse or intimate partner of the victim;
- By a person with whom the victim shares a child in common;
- By a person who is cohabiting with, or has cohabited with, the victim as a spouse or intimate partner;
- By a person similarly situated to a spouse of the victim under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred; or
- By any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under the domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction in which the crime of violence occurred
f. Family violence definition in Louisiana law: means any assault, battery, or other physical abuse which occurs between family or household members, who reside together or who formerly resided together. La. RS § 46.2121.1(2)
g. Domestic abuse definition in Louisiana law: Includes but is not limited to physical or sexual abuse and any offense against the person as defined in the Criminal Code of Louisiana, except negligent injury and defamation, committed by one family or household member against another. La. RS 46:2132(3)
h. Dating Violence definition in Clery Act: Violence, including but not limited to sexual or physical abuse or the threat of such abuse, committed by a person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the Alleged Victim. The existence of such a relationship will be determined based on a consideration of the length and type of relationship and the frequency of interaction.
i. Dating Violence definition in Louisiana law: “Dating violence” includes but is not limited to physical or sexual abuse and any offense against the person as defined in the Criminal Code of Louisiana, except negligent injury and defamation, committed by one dating partner against the other. La. RS § 46.2151(C) For purposes of this Section, “dating partner” means any person who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim and where the existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:
- The length of the relationship.
- The type of relationship.
- The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.
Although the following definitions are not defined by state and/or federal law, the following definitions shall also be used in institutional policy and in the implementation thereof by all Louisiana public postsecondary education institutions:
j. Sexual Harassment: Unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature when:
- submission to such conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of a person’s employment or education;
- submission to or rejection of such conduct by a person is used as the basis for a decision affecting that person’s employment or education; or
- such conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with a person’s employment or education, or creating an intimidating, hostile, or offensive employment or educational environment, and has no legitimate relationship to the subject matter of a course or academic research.
Sexual Harassment also includes non-sexual harassment or discrimination of a person because of the person’s sex and/or gender, including harassment based on the person’s nonconformity with gender stereotypes. For purposes of this Policy, the various forms of prohibited Sexual Harassment are referred to as “Sexual Misconduct.”
k. Retaliation: Acts or attempted acts for the purpose of interfering with any report, investigation, or proceeding under this Policy, or as retribution or revenge against anyone who has reported Sexual Misconduct or Relationship Violence or who has participated (or is expected to participate) in any manner in an investigation, or proceeding under this Policy. Prohibited retaliatory acts include, but are not limited to, intimidation, threats, coercion, or discrimination. Title IX prohibits Retaliation. For purposes of this Policy, an attempt requires a substantial step towards committing a violation.
l. Consent: Consent to engage in sexual activity must exist from beginning to end of each instance of sexual activity. Consent is demonstrated through mutually understandable words and/or actions that clearly indicate a willingness to engage in a specific sexual activity. Silence alone, without actions evidencing permission, does not demonstrate Consent. Consent must be knowing and voluntary. To give Consent, a person must be of legal age. Assent does not constitute Consent if obtained through Coercion or from an individual whom the Alleged Offender knows or reasonably should know is Incapacitated. The responsibility of obtaining Consent rests with the person initiating sexual activity. Use of alcohol or drugs does not diminish one’s responsibility to obtain Consent. Consent to engage in sexual activity may be withdrawn by any person at any time. Once withdrawal of Consent has been expressed, the sexual activity must cease. Consent is automatically withdrawn by a person who is no longer capable of giving Consent. A current or previous consensual dating or sexual relationship between the Parties does not itself imply Consent or preclude a finding of responsibility.
m. Incapacitation: An individual is considered to be Incapacitated if, by reason of mental or physical condition, the individual is manifestly unable to make a knowing and deliberate choice to engage in sexual activity. Being drunk or intoxicated can lead to Incapacitation; however, someone who is drunk or intoxicated is not necessarily Incapacitated, as Incapacitation is a state beyond drunkenness or intoxication. Individuals who are asleep, unresponsive or unconscious are Incapacitated. Other indicators that an individual may be Incapacitated include, but are not limited to, inability to communicate coherently, inability to dress/undress without assistance, inability to walk without assistance, slurred speech, loss of coordination, vomiting, or inability to perform other physical or cognitive tasks without assistance.
n. Coercion: the use of express or implied threats, intimidation, or physical force which places an individual in fear of immediate harm or physical injury or causes a person to engage in unwelcome sexual activity. Coercion also includes administering a drug, intoxicant, or similar substance with the intent to impair that person’s ability to Consent prior to engaging in sexual activity.
o. Responsible Employee: Each institution must designate and publish the names and contact information for the Title IX Coordinator as well as easily accessible institution employees as Responsible Employees who have the authority to take action to redress sexual violence and have been given the duty of reporting incidents of sexual violence or any other misconduct by students to the Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate school designee. However, an institutional decision to make all institution employees mandatory reporters of suspected or known sexual harassment or sexual misconduct to the Title IX Coordinator or other appropriate school designee does not render all institutional employees to be Responsible Employees. Employees who are authorized or required by law to keep information confidential by virtue of the employee’s professional role such as Counseling Staff or similar shall not be designated as mandated reporters of sexual harassment or as Responsible Employees.
p. Sexually Oriented Criminal Offense: Any sexual assault offense as defined in La. R.S. 44:51 and any sexual abuse offense as defined in R.S. 14:403
q. Other terms:
- Complainant – an individual whose report of sexual misconduct has not yet been investigated and validated.
- Victim – an individual who, after all due investigation and/or adjudication, have been found to be the target of sexual misconduct.
- Respondent – an individual against whom a sexual misconduct complaint is brought, which complaint has not yet been validated through investigation and/or adjudication.
- Perpetrator – an individual found responsible of sexual misconduct.